Types of Achilles Tendon Injuries

Monday, 19 April 2021 00:00

The Achilles tendon is the band located on the back of the leg and is responsible for connecting the calf to the heel bone. This tendon is responsible for allowing us to rise up on our toes and for us to push off when walking or running. There are 2 main types of injuries that can occur to the Achilles tendon. The first, known as Achilles tendinopathy, occurs when there are tiny tears in the tendon and around it, usually from overuse. The second injury, an Achilles tendon rupture, can cause sudden pain and loss of movement.  This is usually caused by a sudden movement or force that stresses the calf muscle.  Patients who are experiencing pain in their Achilles tendon should consult with a podiatrist because of the potential severity these injuries have. A podiatrist will examine the leg and determine the extent of the injury.  

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Advanced Foot & Ankle Associates, PLLC. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Lake Worth and Aledo/Willow Park, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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